Academic Physiotherapy Conference 2023
Over time, physical activity in reference to heart disease is far from being new. Despite some evidence of these particular physical activity benefits, mobility restriction was imposed on patients with acute cardiac events, often leading to serious deconditioning problems, decline in functional capacity, prolonged hospitalization, and increased mortality. Guidelines for CR were first established by the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Rehabilitation and secondary prevention gained broad support as an essential component of comprehensive care in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardiac rehabilitation is defined as a secondary prevention model that reduces mortality and the risk of recurrent events and improves CVD patients' quality of life (QoL). A cardiac rehabilitation program is primarily based on the favorable effects of physical exercise (exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation), but comprehensive programs also include educational sessions focusing on risk factors, lifestyle and its modification.